Flowering plants often take all the glory in a garden or in a home, but there are many plants that have no flowers that boast an equal amount of beauty. Lots of non-flowering plants may be grown indoors, where they can provide breathtaking texture and color with their foliage rather than their blooms.
Queen sago (Cycas circinalis), also called false sago or fern palm, is a perennial palm-like member of the cycad family. A native of equatorial Africa, queen sago has large feathery green fronds that sprout from a stout trunk. If left to its own devices, the evergreen plant may grow to be up to 20 feet (although it will be much more manageable if grown in a container indoors). Queen sago is grown for its lush, elegant foliage, and may be used as a tropical accent in an entryway or other bright location of the house. Queen sago will thrive in a well drained, loose soil that's enhanced with organic matter. Water occasionally, letting the soil dry out slightly between waterings.
Elephant's ear (Alocasia micholitziana) is a non-flowering perennial with velvety, variegated, heart-shaped leaves that may be up to 18 inches long. The dark green and white plant may be grown indoors or outdoors as a lush foliage plant. When cultivated indoors, elephant's ear does best in bright, indirect sunlight or filtered sunlight. Plant in a humus-rich, fertile soil and water frequently during the growing season. Provide fertilizer during the summer to promote healthy leaf growth, and check the plant occasionally for fungus. Elephant's ear requires some humidity, so avoid growing in an air-conditioned room.
A member of the lily family, asparagus fern (Protasparagus densiflorus) is a sprawling perennial that produces long stems that may reach up to 6 feet in length. The plant sports feathery, light green leaves that are densely packed together along loose stems. A native of South Africa, asparagus fern is popular as a non-flowering house plant that grows quickly and stays green year-round. Cultivate the plant in bright, indirect sunlight in a well-draining soil. Water the plant regularly, allowing the soil to completely dry out between waterings. Asparagus fern is an excellent plant for cut flower aficionados, as the foliage may be used in a floral arrangements.