Cherry trees grow more than 30 feet tall and produce what is called a "stone" fruit. There are two types of cherry trees: sour and sweet. You can grow these trees from the pit inside of the cherry fruit. The tree from the pit does not always grow true to its parent plant, however, and is often grafted to fix that problem. If you want to try to grow a cherry plant from seed or grow rootstock for grafting, you can plant the pit with the proper preparations.
Harvest a cherry when it matures, towards the end of the summer. Clean the fruit from the pit, rinsing it off to remove all the parts that don't detach easily.
Fill a plastic zip top bag with peat moss or vermiculite. Moisten it slightly. Place the seed in the bag, surrounding it with the medium.
Place the bag in the refrigerator until early spring, after the danger of frost has passed. This will mimic the stratification process the seed goes through over the winter. It will break the dormancy of the seed, making it germinate more readily in spring.
Choose an appropriate area for the cherry tree after the danger of frost passes in spring. Look for an area with full sun and fertile, well-drained soil. Leave enough space for the tree to mature.
Plant the cherry pit 1/2 inch into the soil. Keep it moist until it starts to sprout from the ground and grow on its own.