Guzmania is a bromelaid plant in the same family as the pineapple. It grows 1 to 2 feet tall, with long, green leaves and flowers that bloom for months in red, orange, yellow and white. This plant likes temperatures that stay above 55 degrees F and therefore cannot grow outdoors in the United States. Indoors, with the proper care, this plants can last for years. Knowledge of how to care for the guzmania will help you maintain a distinctive addition to your home.
Plant the guzmania in a pot filled with African violet mix or a mix of 1 part peat and 1 part perlite. Do not use a soil-based potting mix, as it may compact and crush the roots.
Place the pot in an area where it receives filtered light. It can also survive in the shade. Make sure the room where you place the pot stays above 55 degrees F.
Water the guzmani's potting medium when the top of it feels dry. The leaves form a cup where they join with the stem. Pour water into that as well, keeping the cup filled. If you allow the cup to dry out, the leaves may turn brown.
Fertilize the guzmania with a slow-release fertilizer. This will provide nutrients for the plant over time. Follow the directions on the package, as each brand will differ in application amount and timing.
Detach offsets from the base of the plant with a sharp knife when they grow half the size of the mother plant. These offsets will appear after flowering. If you pot and care for them, just like the mother, plant they should bloom in one to two years.