Belonging to the same family as oaks, beech trees are commonly found in stately gardens because of their ability to provide plenty of shade. These trees can reach up to 100 feet tall, featuring attractive bronze leaves in the fall and wide branches suitable for hanging swings. Mountain beech trees are a very hardy breed that grow in high altitudes and withstand up to freezing temperatures, thus making them ideal for Nova Scotia, Canada. Transplant a young mountain beech from one part of a yard to another.
Water the mountain beech tree at least two days before transplanting to prevent the roots from drying out. Also thin the tree slightly so it it less weighty and easy to move.
Prepare the new hole before digging the tree so roots spend minimum time outside the soil. Select a site with full sun exposure and well-drained soil. Dig the hole slightly deeper than the root ball (to make allowances for the soil from the previous planting site that will be attached to it) and twice as wide. Collect the dirt in a wheelbarrow.
Add 1/2 the dirt from the wheelbarrow to a large bucket, along with equal amounts of sand to create well-draining, sandy soil in a large bucket. Also add in a shovelful or two of compost. Mix well with a stick.
Insert a sharp spade into the soil, 2 feet away from the trunk, and dig a 1 1/2- to 2-foot deep trench around the tree. Trenching all the way around provides the angle to undercut roots from under the root ball with the spade easily and release them from the soil.
Insert the spade in the soil and work your way under the root ball slowly to extend the trench under the roots as well. You may need to sever larger roots during the process. Make clean cuts with the sharp edge or side of the spade.
Angle the spade into the trench, positioning it under the root ball. Carefully lift the spade to pull the root ball out of the soil. Move along the trench to get the complete root ball, along with the attached soil. Do not remove this soil because it eases the transition of the mountain beech from one spot to another.
Move the tree to the new planting site and lower it into the hole carefully. Add or remove soil to adjust hole size, if necessary. Spread the roots in the hole and cover with amended soil from the bucket. Press the soil with your hands. Water frequently until the mountain beech establishes itself and begins to grow.