Grass of maiden (Miscanthus sinensus), usually referred to as maiden grass, is a popular ornamental grass with feathery green leaves that will sway gracefully even in gentle breezes. The clump of narrow leaves grows straight up, then bends over like a fountain. Although maiden grass requires very little care once the plant is established, a bit of extra tender loving care will ensure that the plant continues to look lush and healthy for years to come.
Water maiden grass generously during the plant's first year. Water deeply by hand or use a drip system or soaker hose so that the roots are saturated. Avoid wetting the foliage. After the plant is established it will need very little supplemental irrigation, but will benefit from a deep soaking every week during hot, dry weather.
Cut maiden grass down to the ground every year in early spring, using hedge clippers or garden pruners. Dispose of the grass by tossing it on your compost pile.
Fertilize maiden grass in spring after cutting the grass back. Feed each plant approximately 1/4 to 1/2 cup of an all purpose garden fertilizer with a ratio such as 10-10-10 or 5-10-5. Avoid additional feedings, as too much fertilizer will produce growth that is lush but too weak to stand upright.
Divide maiden grass every three or four years to keep the plant healthy and vigorous. Divide the grass after cutting the plant back in spring. Dig the entire clump with a shovel, then pry the root ball apart into two halves, using two garden forks back to back. Plant the sections in a sunny spot and water immediately.