Pine and fir are evergreen conifers that enhance the appearance of the landscape. These trees stand out and against woodsy or pastoral backgrounds in during the winter months when deciduous trees lose their foliage and become bare. Native to the Northern Hemisphere, pines also grow in subtropical and temperate regions of the Southern Hemisphere. They feature narrow needle-like leaves and cones. Firs include several varieties, some of which are widely used as Christmas trees. Related to cedars, firs are commonly found in Europe, Central America, Asia and parts of Africa. Grow fir or pine in your garden for a stately look.
Prepare the planting site that receives full sun to partial shade with well-drained soil. Remove weeds, grass, rocks or plant debris and discard. Loosen the soil to a depth of 10 inches and add shovelfuls of organic compost. Mix well with the existing soil and water lightly.
Dig a hole in the soil as deep as the rootball of the pine or fir seedling but twice as wide to allow for growth. Space young trees 10 to 12 feet apart. Gently lower the transplant into the hole and spread the roots. Add soil to cover the hole and tamp it down to remove air pockets.
Water the planting site so the soil is evenly moist. After this, water when the top 2 inches of soil feel dry. Insert your finger to the appropriate depth to determine whether it feels dry or moist, then water accordingly.
Spread a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch around the seedling to retain moisture and prevent weeds. Make sure a radius of 3 to 4 feet around the young tree is weed-free.
Prune growing pine and fir trees to maintain shape, size and appearance. Snip off dead, dying or crossing branches and foliage with pruning shears. Thin the foliage growing toward the interior of the tree and cut new growth in half. You can also prune according to any particular shape in mind, such as the pyramid that is narrow and pointed at the top and widens out below.
Follow manufacturer's directions for applying a fungicide over affected or damaged areas to control fungal diseases. Wear a face mask and gloves to prevent contact with the skin.