Like any large country that spans multiple time zones and climate areas, Russia has a wide range of native plants. Many colder parts of Russia frequently reach temperatures of -35 degrees F, or temperatures similar to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) hardiness zone 4. In many cases, plants native to Russia are also native to other parts of the world.
Fireweed is native to many parts of the world, including Russia. It is often used by beekeepers for uniquely flavored fireweed honey. Fireweed flowers are showy, with four petals, four sepals and a four-part stigma. They are arranged on stalks and bloom from the bottom up. Fireweed grows to between 1 and 7 feet tall, in full sun to partial shade, and does well in most soil types.
Buttercups are small, low-growing perennial flowers that, like fireweed, are native to many temperate parts of the world. Russia is no exception and has native varieties of buttercups. Buttercups grow from 6 inches to 2 feet tall. They can be cold-hardy down to -35 degrees F, meaning they can survive the cold winters in many parts of Russia.
Russian tarragon is similar to French tarragon but it is coarser, with paler leaves. As a spice, it is more bitter than the tender French tarragon. Unlike French tarragon, Russian tarragon grows by seed. Seed Russian tarragon indoors inside about 6 weeks before the last expected frost. Russian tarragon grows best in full sun but will tolerate partial shade. It is hardy down to about -35 degrees F.
Also called Actaea simplex, black snakeroot is a type of bugbane that grows to between 3 and 4 feet tall. It produces long, white, bottle-brush-type flowers. Native to eastern Russia, black snakeroot blooms between August and September. It grows in partial to full shade and can overwinter in places with winters that reach -35 degrees F.
Chamomile is native to many parts of Europe, including Italy, England and Russia. In fact, the terms Roman, Russian and English chamomile all refer to the same plant. A member of the daisy family, Russian chamomile grows to between 6 and 12 inches high. It does well in partial shade to full sun and blooms from late spring to late summer. It thrives in most soils that drain well. Chamomile can survive winters as cold as -35 degrees F.