Houseplants add a touch of color and freshness to any room in the home. Most houseplants require a little extra attention and care to thrive in the less-than-perfect growing environment found in most homes. The inexperienced gardener may have a difficult time successfully growing these types of high-maintenance houseplants. For those with little gardening expertise, there are a wide variety of hardy, easy-to-grow, indoor houseplants that flourish under the worst growing conditions.
The highly durable snake plant (Sansevieria trifasciata), sometimes known as the mother-in-law's tongue, is an easy-to-grow indoor plant. Snake plants tolerate any light exposure ranging from direct sun to very low light. The snake plant is drought tolerant and only needs watering when the soil has dried out, about once a week. Plants reach a height of 3 to 5 feet, have a 2-foot spread and are normally used as floor plants. The attractive, spearlike leaves are rimmed with yellow and are often marked with light green, dark green or creamy white stripes.
Ideal for using in small pots and containers, the Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema pseudobracteatum) is a petite houseplant that reaches a height of 2 to 2 1/2 feet and has an 18-inch spread. The plant has large, oblong-shaped variegated leaves that are a mix of dark green and white and produces an unattractive, white flower. Remove the flower to stop the production of berries. Chinese evergreens thrive in low-lit areas of a room and have a high drought tolerance. Water the Chinese evergreen approximately once a week, letting soil completely dry between waterings.
According to Clemson University, the peace lily (Spathiphyllum) is one of the few houseplants that flowers when grown in poorly lighted spaces. The peace lily has a long, dark green, oval-shaped leaf that narrows into a point at the tip and the plant produces an attractive, lightly scented, white flower. Peace lillies normally reach heights ranging from 1 to 4 feet. One cultivar, the Sensation, often reaches heights of 6 feet. Water plants two to three times a week; do not let the soil become dry. Lack of water causes wilting and yellowing of the leaves. Always use room temperature water when watering the peace lily.
The heart-leaf philodendron (Philodendron scandens) is a low-maintenance, easy-to-grow, vining houseplant that thrives when planted in hanging baskets. The plant thrives in the indirect, filtered light that is found in most rooms of the home. The heart-leaf philodendron has large, smooth, dark green, heart-shaped leaves that are attached to a slender vine. Heart-leaf philodendrons reach a height of less than 1 foot but their vines may extend for several feet. Plants require regular watering, a thorough soaking approximately once a week, but the soil should be dry to the touch before plants are watered in order to prevent root rot.