First discovered by Europeans in Central America in the 17th century, fuchsias (Fuchsia tripylla flore coccineo) have been extensively hybridized; as of 2010 there are more than 7,000 varieties and 97 species in existence, according to Washington State University Extension. Three main types of fuchsias exist among all of these varieties: those that grow upright and are suitable to train into a hedge, varieties that have a more trailing habit and are suitable for growing in hanging baskets, and those with a smaller upright growing habit that are suitable for container growing or as bedding plants. They come in all colors except true blue or true yellow. Fuchsias are unscented but bees and hummingbirds are attracted to their brightly colored flowers and sweet nectar.
Growing to a height of about 3 feet, the variety "Mrs. Popple" is an upright-growing fuchsia suitable for hedges and bedding plants. The flowers' sepals are deep coral with a dark lavender corolla and they bloom from June through October. "Mrs. Popple" is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 7 through 11.
A trailing variety suitable for hanging baskets, "Pink Galore" produces masses of double flowers in delicate shades of pink. The corolla is rose-pink and the sepals are pale pink. Hardy in USDA zones 9 through 11, "Pink Galore" grows best in partial shade with loamy to sandy-loam soil. Its trailing branches can reach 6 feet in length under ideal growing conditions.
Suitable for container growing or training as a standard, "Tennessee Waltz" has a rose-crimson corolla and lavender splashed with cherry rose sepals. Its squarish flowers are fully double but oftentimes produce a partially double one. "Tennessee Waltz" is a very vigorous grower and is hardy in USDA zones 9 through 11.
Grown primarily as a permanent shrub in mild winter areas, "Ricartonii" is hardy, easy to grow and has reddish-purple flowers. Grow in full sun, but shade it from the hot afternoon sun. "Riccartonii" prefers moist, well-drained soil and is hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11.
Suitable as a shrub, upright-growing container plant or for training as a standard, "Snowcap" produces copious red and white flowers on very hardy plants. It also produces edible fruits, but they are not considered tasty. Grow "Snowcap" in partial to dappled shade and is hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11.
An extra-tender variety of fuchsia suited for growing in USDA zones 9 to 11, "Thalia" produces orangish flowers. It is tolerant of full sun. Growing about 30 inches high, "Thalia" is suitable as a bedding plant or an upright container specimen.