India is a geographically rich country that contains the coursing Ganges river, the Himalayan mountain range and miles of cliff-lined coastal shores. The country boasts a diverse selection of native plants, many of which are cultivated as ornamental plants across the globe. Many of India's plants may be grown in pots for indoor or outdoor use.
Variegated Shell Ginger
Variegated shell ginger (Alpinia zerumbet) is a flowering perennial that has a bushy, shrub-like habit. The plant reaches an average height of about 6 feet tall, producing pale pink or white shell-like flowers and broad leaves of about 2 feet that are variegated yellow and green. Variegated shell ginger has garnered popularity as both an outdoor and indoor potted plant. Shell ginger may be grown outdoors, ideally in partial sunlight, in USDA zones 8 to 12. The plant prefers a fertile, well-draining soil that's rich in organic matter and frequent watering, enough to keep the soil moist to the touch.
Cliff palm (Phoenix rupicola) is a small palm tree that reaches an average height of about 20 feet, though it will be much smaller if grown indoors. The plant is native to the Himalayas in India, where it grows in rocky soils. The tree has a long, thin, gray trunk accented by green palm fronds that may be as long as 10 feet. Cliff palm may be cultivated as a potted plant for indoor use or grown outdoors in USDA zones 10 and 11. Cliff palm does best in full sunlight, in a well-draining soil. The plant will tolerate very poor soils, preferring them to rich soils. Cliff palm is drought-tolerant and requires no additional watering.
Noble bamboo is a perennial bamboo species native to India. The plant may grow to be up to 30 feet tall, though it will be much smaller if grown in a container. It is excellent as an outdoor specimen plant in USDA zones 10 and 11. Noble bamboo has a distinct appearance, with upright, dull green bamboo culms that grow close together. The plant is topped with a dense cluster of 6-inch blue-green leaves. A humus-rich soil that is well draining is ideal for the noble plant, as is frequent watering. This bamboo will tolerate both partial sun and full sun.