The peach tree is a deciduous plant that produces a delicious fruit when matured. The fruit has a yellowish or white inner flesh that is sweet. Producing new peach trees in an orchard is a problem. Many peach varieties do not produce seed that grows a new peach tree. An asexual method of propagation called budding is required to produce a new tree. Rootstock is required for the procedure, which is available at many nurseries and specialist gardening centers.
Cut an 8-inch to 12-inch length of current growth from the cultivar being propagated during vigorous growth. Remove the leaves, but leave a 1/4-inch to 1/2-inch petiole on the stem, suggests the University of Kentucky Extension.
Wrap the bud stick in a damp paper towel and place into a plastic bag for storage up to three to five days. Place the bag in a refrigerator cooled to 40 to 45 degrees to keep the bud stick fresh.
Remove any shoots from the lowest 6 inches of the rootstock trunk during the early summer to create a smooth surface to graft on, recommends the University of Missouri Extension.
Make a cut 1/2 to 3/4 inches below the bud and slice upward, cutting thinly below the bud to release it from the branch. It should be straight, with a shield-like appearance.
Slice vertically on the rootstock about 1 1/2 inches long, and make a second cut along the top to make a T-cut shape. Cut through the bark and not the wood.
Gently lift the bark at the T-cut junction. Insert the bud into the vertical slit in the bark, trying not to break it.
Wrap the bark with budding rubber to keep the bud in place. Check the bud in a week to 10 days to see if it has taken to the graft. If it is dry, it has failed. Remove the budding rubber once the graft is taken.