A cyclamen is a flowering houseplant often given as a gift during the holidays. Cyclamens are perennials grown from round tubers. The cyclamen's leaves are either round or heart-shaped, and its petals are either white, pink or purple. Cyclamen need a small amount of care and the proper temperatures to stay healthy and vibrant.
Plant your cyclamen in sterilized potting soil. Unsterilized soil may harbor pathogens that can cause illness in the cyclamen.
Set your cyclamen in the sun during the fall, winter and spring months. Provide your cyclamen with shade during the hottest part of the day in the summer.
Keep your cyclamen houseplant cool. The University of Minnesota recommends daytime temperatures below 68 degrees Fahrenheit, and nighttime temperatures between 40 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Cyclamens do not tolerate warmer temperatures.
Water your cyclamen thoroughly, avoiding the center of the pot. The roots can rot easily so it is best not to soak them. Let the soil dry out a little before watering again. Do not allow the soil to get so dry that the plant begins to wilt.
Fertilize your cyclamen once per month with a water-soluble fertilizer made for houseplants. Dilute your fertilizer to half strength before use. Too much fertilizer will result in less foliage and fewer blooms.
Remove any dead flowers or foliage as soon as you see them. You can do this by gently tugging on them near the stem of the plant. This will stop any possible diseases from spreading to the rest of the plant.