The beauty and fragrance of roses make them one of the most popular flowers in the world. These stunning flowers are often given as gifts, whether to signify a romantic love, to thank a friend or to honor a loved one on her birthday or another special occasion. Make that gift of beauty last by caring for your rose bouquet properly.
Choose Young Roses
Choose young roses for your rose bouquet. Tight, firm flower buds are best for a rose bouquet, as they will unfurl slowly and last much longer than roses that have already opened. In addition, make sure they are not wilting and that they do not have any brown spots, whether on the buds themselves or on the leaves.
Protect the Bouquet
Cover up the roses when you are transporting the bouquet if the weather outside is cold. Never leave the bouquet in a cold car, as frost or freezing temperatures can damage the flowers before you even get them into a vase, according to the University of Illinois. Unwrap them as soon as you are indoors so that warm air can reach the petals.
Clean the Vase
Clean your vase with water and a little bleach to ensure that no bacteria, which can hasten the decay of flowers, lingers in the container. This holds true for any container you are using to hold the cut flowers. Fill the vase with clean, lukewarm water after you have washed it, and add some floral preservative according to the instructions on the package. Flowers are able to uptake warm water more quickly than cold water, according to the University of Illinois, and the floral preservative will help the flowers retain their petals for longer than they would without it.
Remove the Leaves
Strip the roses of any leaves that will be below the water line. Submerged leaves will decay rapidly, adding harmful bacteria to the water that will shorten the life of the flowers. Then, cut the bottom inch off the stems, cutting at an angle. Use a sharp knife or pruning shears. Immediately put the roses into the water after cutting.
Display your roses in a location that is away from direct sunlight and hot or cold drafts. In addition, keep the roses away from fruit. Fresh fruit emits ethylene gas, which hastens the decay of flowers. Remove any dying roses and leaves promptly for the same reason, as these will also emit ethylene.
Replenish and Refrigerate
Replenish the water level daily, and provide fresh water if the water in the vase becomes cloudy. Placing your rose bouquet in the refrigerator during those times you do not wish to display it will prolong the life of your blooms even longer.