Worm Composting Instructions


Worms naturally take the soil and make it rich in nutrients. You can use these worms to compost your waste. You will then be able to take this compost and use it as a fertilizer in your vegetable or flower gardens. The best part is you are recycling your leftover food instead of sending it off to the dump. You can create a small composting pile if you live in an apartment or condo, or a large composting pile if you live in a large home.

Step 1

Find a large tub or old sandbox to use as your composting container. If you don't have a large space, you can use a smaller container. Just try to use the biggest container your space will allow.

Step 2

Cut paper, pieces of thin cardboard or black and white newspaper pages into strips with a pair of scissors. Use a paper shredder if you have one.

Step 3

Sprinkle the paper on the bottom of your composting container. Ideally, it should cover the bottom 3 inches, but if you are using a smaller container just go with 1 inch.

Step 4

Add soil to your composting container. For larger containers add 6 inches of soil, but for smaller containers you may only be able to add 2 to 3 inches of soil. Mix the soil together with the sliced-up paper.

Step 5

Squirt your soil and newspaper mixture with water until it is moist. Do not drench it. Remember you are making it a place that is habitable by worms.

Step 6

Let your composting container sit in the sun for 48 hours. Washington State University says that composting worms prefer soil temperatures between 55 and 77 degrees F. The sun will help warm up the soil.

Step 7

Add 2 lbs. of worms for every 1 lb. of kitchen leftovers you plan on adding to the compost container each day.

Step 8

Add your kitchen leftovers to the compost container on a daily basis. Just mix the leftovers in with the top 2 inches of soil.

Step 9

Keep watering the compost container. The worms prefer their soil moist.

Tips and Warnings

  • Do not use newspaper pages with colored ink, which is not good for the worms. Do not compost meat, dairy products, cooking oil and walnuts.

Things You'll Need

  • Tub or sandbox Garden hose Cloth Scissors or paper shredder Cardboard Paper Newspaper Measuring tape Soil Shovel Red worms Kitchen leftovers


  • Washington State University: Composting with Red Worms
  • Texas A&M University: Home Worm Composting
Keywords: composting with worms, red worm composting, worm uses

About this Author

Alicia Bodine has been a professional writer for six years. She has produced thousands of articles for online publications such as Demand Studios, Bright Hub, Associated Content and WiseGeek. Bodine is also the current cooking guru for LifeTips. She has received awards for being a top content producer.