Pepper plants are tender vegetables that do not tolerate cold weather well. They need high temperatures and a long growing season to produce fruit. To get a head start, start your pepper plants from seeds indoors in the late winter, eight to 12 weeks before the last spring frost. This will produce large, fruitful pepper plants for the coming growing season.
Soak plastic cell plant pots in a mixture of one part bleach and nine parts water. This disinfects the pots by eliminating diseases and hiding insects. Let the pots air dry. Poke holes in the bottom if they don't have drainage holes.
Mix together equal parts of shredded pine bark, peat moss and perlite. This soilless mixture will retain moisture while allowing developing roots access to moisture and air.
Fill the cells with your potting mixture and sprinkle water over it. Let the mix settle and then top off. Sprinkle with water again.
Place the pepper seeds in the cells and cover with a 1/8- to 1/4-inch layer of peat moss. Mist the seeds with water until the peat moss is soaking wet. Cover the pots with plastic to create a greenhouse effect and place them in an area where temperatures stay around 80 degrees F.
Remove the plastic in five to 10 days when the pepper plant seeds have sprouted. Keep the seedlings warm and moist as they grow. Transplant the seedlings outside after the weather has warmed up and stays above 60 degrees during the night.