Composting is the taking of organic materials and decomposing them at a faster rate. Composting turns the organic materials in to a dark brown mulch that you can spread over lawns, flower gardens and vegetable gardens. The compost adds nutrients to the soil the same way a store-bought fertilizer does. You can make your own compost pile at home, and recycle fallen leaves and kitchen scraps.
Choose a location for your compost pile. It should be in a warm spot that is sheltered from strong winds. You can also purchase a compost bin or compost barrel.
Place a 6-inch layer of organic materials in the bottom of your compost pile. These materials may include kitchen scraps, grass clippings, piles of leaves and shredded paper.
Water the first layer of organic materials until the pile is completely wet.
Add a 2-inch layer of manure to your compost pile. This may be cow, horse, pig or chicken manure. You can use one type of manure, or a combination of manures.
Water the second layer of compost until it is completely wet.
Shovel a 2-inch layer of soil on top of the layer of manure.
Water the layer of soil until completely wet.
Repeat the layering in the same order until your compost bin or barrel is almost full. Water each layer.
Turn the layers in your compost bin with a shovel once a week. Add water to your compost bin each week so that the materials stay moist. After your compost is dark in color and crumbles when you pick up a clump of it. This can take six weeks or up to three months, depending on how large your compost bin is, and how often you turn it.