Grapes are one of the healthiest and most versatile fruits that you can plant in your home garden. Many people never attempt to grow grape vines because they are under the impression that it is a complicated or tedious process. That may be the case if you are seeking the perfect grape for wine making, but for the gardener who simply wants fresh grapes for the table or jelly making, cultivating grape vines can be an enjoyable endeavor.
Clip off all canes except the one that appears to be the healthiest. Examine the roots closely and remove any that are damaged or very long.
Dig a hole that is wide enough to allow the roots to be spread out. Plant the grape vine at the same depth as it was previously growing and replace the soil, taking care that all the roots are covered well with soil.
Water until the soil feels very moist to the touch. Add a 2-inch layer of organic mulch around the base of the grape vine to control weed growth.
Clip the cane back until all that remains are two healthy-looking buds.
Add 1/2 cup of 10-10-10 fertilizer to each grape vine right after planting. Sprinkle the fertilizer in a 20-inch area around each plant. Repeat every month until the middle of July.
Place a wooden stake into the ground behind the grape vine. When new canes start to emerge, attach the strongest to the stake with plant ties. Pinch off any side shoots that may develop to encourage the largest shoot to grow more quickly.
Spray the vine once each month with an insecticide suitable for edible plants. If you are unsure of what type to use, contact your local extension office for suggestions.
Fertilize the vines again in November with a 10-10-10 fertilizer.