The art of floral design and arranging has existed for generations. It ranges from a simple arrangement formed by collecting and placing wildflowers in a vase to ikebana, the traditional, complicated Japanese art of arranging flowers. Three types of flowers are used to make a floral design. How you use these flowers determines the size and shape of the arrangement.
Line flowers are the first to go in a vase or container and structure the arrangement. They determine the height and/or width of the design. These flowers create a line for the eye and demarcate the boundaries beyond which the arrangement does not extend, hence the name. Line flowers are usually tall and sturdy, with straight stems and multiple blooms. Not always flowers, but sometimes tall branches and foliage are used as line flowers. According to Flower Arrangement Advisor, some examples of line flowers include snapdragon, stock, Calla lilies, cattails, gladiola and delphiniums. Lower same or different types of line flowers in a tall glass vase to form a striking floral centerpiece.
Also called focal or mass flowers, face flowers add mass and color to an arrangement. Face flowers add a sense of stability to the design and set the tone of an arrangement. They are the focal point of the arrangement in terms of color and interest, and situated in the center, or slightly above or below the center. Face flowers feature a single stem with a well-rounded full bloom on top that grasps the viewers attention with its concentration of color and beautiful form. These are added after the shape is set with the help of line flowers and they follow the particular form. Examples of these flowers include roses, carnations. tulips, daisies, iris, freesia, alstroemeria, zinnia, chrysanthemum and Gerber daisy. Flower stands and garden stores sell bunches of face flowers that people add to a vase for a quick splash of color and natural decoration.
Filler flowers, as the name suggests, fill up empty spaces or gaps in an arrangement so it looks full and colorful. This is why filler flowers are inserted after line and face flowers go into place. Filler flowers feature tiny clusters of blooms or panicles on a single stem. Baby's breath is a commonly used filler flower that covers empty spaces in an arrangement and gives it depth and a fuller look. It comprises of tiny white flower heads that complement any type of floral arrangement. Statice is another favorite filler flower that blooms in different hues of lavender and pink. Pompon asters, dianthus, feverfews and foliage such as ferns are examples of commonly used filler flowers used in floral designs.