Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon), is a low-growing, fine textured, dense and vigorous perennial. It is a warm-season grass, hardy in USDA zones 6 through 11. It is the most commonly used turfgrass in tropical and subtropical regions. Bermuda grass tolerates a lot of wear and recovers quickly when injured, but requires frequent mowing. Bermuda grass requires full sun and prefers well-drained, fertile soils.
Prepare the Area
Obtain a soil test kit from your county extension office to determine if you need to add lime to raise the soil pH. Test the soil in advance of spring planting in case there is a delay in receiving the results. Use a home test kit if county extension offices don't provide this service.
Clean up the area for sowing in early spring or after frosts have passed. Slice underneath the soil surface horizontally with a sharp spade to remove weed patches and old grass.
Apply lime, if needed, at the rate recommended after receiving soil test results, as well as soil amendments such as compost, well-rotted manure or fertilizer at the rate recommended on the label for your yard size. Work the amendments in thoroughly to a depth of about 4 inches.
Fill in low areas with quality topsoil and work it into the existing soil with a rake. Using the rake, level the ground as much as possible.
Use a hand seed spreader to sow the Bermuda seed at a rate of ½ to 1 lb. of seed per 1,000 square feet of lawn. Seed spreaders distribute the seed more evenly than doing it by hand.
Rake the seed in lightly after spreading. This helps ensure soil contact with the grass seeds.
Water the seeded area often enough to keep the soil slightly moist. You may need to water more than once a day in hot weather. After establishment, water the Bermuda grass less frequently, but more deeply to encourage deep rooting.