Houseplants are an effective way to incorporate color and texture into interior landscapes. However, not all homes have large sunny rooms that allow for indoor gardens. Instead, many houseplant enthusiasts turn to low-light-loving plants which thrive in artificial light with little to no sun. These plants are commonly found at garden supply stores as foliage plants and require very little maintenance.
Rubber plant (Ficus elastica), also referred to as India rubber fig or Indian rubber tree, is a low-light-loving houseplant. This popular plant is native to Southeast Asia and features light green leaves that have a white or yellow margin. According to the University of Florida IFAS Extension, the rubber plant grows as tall as 100 feet in its natural habitat. However, as a houseplant the rubber plant generally grows 10 feet tall or taller with stakes for support. Rubber plants need little light and minimal maintenance.
African violets (Saintpaulia spp.) are a popular houseplant that produces an abundant supply of flowers. However, African violets are also popular for their low lighting tolerance. According to the University of Missouri, African violets grow well under artificial lighting. Specifically, African violets flower with 16 to 18 hours of artificial light each day. Although these Tanzania natives are flexible about lighting conditions, they are not as tolerant with soil and humidity. African violets thrive in loose, loamy soil and high humidity. As a houseplant, this flower will benefit from regular misting or a humid environment, such as the kitchen or bathroom.
Arrowhead vine (Syngonium podophyllum) is a common houseplant that features large heart-shaped leaves with an occasional white bloom. The plant thrives in low lighting conditions with occasionally wet soil conditions. These plants grow in a vine pattern and can be planted in hanging baskets, regular planters or shaped into topiaries.
Mother-in-law’s tongue (Sansevieria trifasciata), also known as snake plant or bowstring hemp, is an African native plant that grows wild in the western tropical regions. This plant is considered to be one of the easiest and most adaptable houseplants because it will tolerate almost any conditions, including low light. It grows well under artificial lights as well as very limited sun. This houseplant needs little water and the soil may dry completely between waterings. This houseplant features tall, pointed leaves that shoot up from the soil base. They tend to grow in clumps and are easily divided.