How to Increase the Growth of a Houseplant

Overview

Houseplants make your home more comfortable and, well, homey. Foliage plants and flowering plants are grown in ideal conditions when they are in the greenhouse. Once you get them home, the conditions vary, and the plant may experience stress. To increase the growth, house plants need the appropriate amount of sunlight, water and fertilization. It may take some trial and error, but eventually you will find the perfect location and conditions for your plants.

Step 1

Water house plants as the soil dries out. The growth will be affected if you over-water or under-water because the roots will die. Flowering plants need more water than green, leafy plants. Use a touch test to determine when the soil is drying out. The color will also become lighter as it dries out. Too-wet soil is sticky and slimy. Do not let the plants wilt or stand in water.

Step 2

Give the house plant the amount of sunlight it needs. Proper light will increase the growth because the plant will be better able to handle temperature and humidity issues. The light needs of foliage plants vary. Follow the instructions on the plant tag. All plants with flowers need bright sunlight. East, west or south-facing windows have the best light.

Step 3

Keep the indoor temperature suitable to encouraging growth. Houseplants will not grow well in hot, dry conditions. Foliage plants thrive at 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Flowering plants do best with those same daytime temperatures, but like it cooler (55 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit) overnight. To make a houseplant bloom longer, move it to a cooler spot overnight.

Step 4

Feed house plants monthly to increase the growth. This will promote new foliage and blooms. Use water-soluble, complete blends that are made for houseplants. Do not fertilize them in the winter when they go dormant.

Step 5

Put houseplants outside in the summer to revitalize them. Wait until late May to make sure it's warm enough. Put the plants on a porch or other sheltered area on a mild, cloudy day. Move them after one week to a more exposed, but still sheltered, location.

Tips and Warnings

  • Do not set house plants in front of hot air vents or radiators. The hot air will dry the plants, causing the leaves to turn brown and/or drop off. Watch for the leaves to turn yellow-green in color or drop. Both could indicate a need for food. They can also indicate poor lighting or too much water, so check the conditions before fertilizing the plants.

Things You'll Need

  • Water
  • Watering can
  • Fertilizer

References

  • University of Missouri Extension: Care of Houseplants
  • Plant-Care.com: Your Guide to House Plants and Indoor Plant Care
Keywords: care house plants, plants increase growth, growth of houseplants

About this Author

Kelly Shetsky has been a broadcast journalist for more than 10 years, researching, writing, producing and reporting daily on many topics. In addition, she writes for several websites, specializing in medical, health and fitness, arts and entertainment, travel and business. Shetsky has a Bachelor of Arts in communications from Marist College.