There are over 1,000 species of bamboo, the largest grass and the fastest growing woody plant in the world. Bamboo is grouped into two categories: clumping and running. Clumping bamboo is slow to spread and grows in a clump. Running bamboo tends to be invasive, with roots that can spread over 100 feet from the plant. To avoid the takeover of other parts of the landscape, a physical barrier needs to be implanted into the soil, to a depth of 3 feet. Because of this, running types of bamboo are rarely planted in the residential landscape.
Choose a planting location for your bamboo. Large bamboos need at least five hours of sunlight per day. The Fargesias need partial shade while varieties such as Moso need full sun all day.
Add a 3-inch layer of sphagnum peat moss and a 2-inch layer of compost to the planting area and use the shovel or gardening fork to mix the material into the top 6 inches of soil.
Measure the nursery pot in which the bamboo is growing and dig the planting hole the same depth and twice as wide. Place the bamboo plant's roots into the hole and fill the hole with soil. Space bamboo plants 3 to 5 feet apart.
Pour 4 inches of mulch on the soil around the bamboo. Spread the mulch out in a 1-foot radius around the plant.
Saturate the soil around the bamboo plant with water and give it one gallon of water once a week.