When planning a garden, it's important to think about a garden style and how it fits within the current landscape and home. For small gardens, utilize spaces like walls and fences to keep the space looking open and tidy. To ensure plants and flowers thrive within the garden, choose flowers that tolerate a wide range of growing conditions. Remember that a garden is constantly growing and changing, so embrace the space and learn how to plan for change.
When planning a garden, think about how plants like evergreens can create year-round privacy along the garden. Evergreen trees are the ideal plant to grow within the garden to create a "living" fence and one that retains its foliage color throughout the year for a vibrant display to the garden. Grown in a wide range of different species, evergreen trees require full sun so make sure they receive at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. This ensures the garden screening remains vibrant and healthy. Examples of evergreens trees that make ideal garden screens are Leyland cypress, Rocky Mountain juniper and Italian cypress. All have a tall, dense, upright form that range in color from dark green to gray.
Perennial flowers grow for many years and have the added advantage of having a one-time planting. Some perennial flowers bloom for a few weeks while others have multiple blooming seasons. Perennials provide the garden bright bursts of color and unusual foliage and textures that keep the garden looking vibrant and lush throughout the year. When choosing what perennials to grow within the garden, think about local, native plants that are hardy in your USDA zone. Consider the soil type, amount of moisture and drainage the site receives, as well as the type of perennial garden you desire. Most perennials require well-drained soils, so make sure you investigate the site beforehand. Hardy perennials like coneflowers, coreopsis and asters all have the ability to withstand drought and heat and make for tough-as-nails flowers.
When planning a garden, take into account areas of the landscape that provide a surface for growing vines and creeping plants. These areas include pergolas, arbors, garden walls and fences. Utilizing these spaces helps to free up ground below and is ideal for a small garden where space is limited or large gardens where you want a dramatic display. Vertical gardens are also practical when wishing to disguise a boring or unattractive wall within the garden. Creeping vines like jasmine, vinca and fig help to provide a lush and jungle-type backdrop to the garden and enhance the overall feel of the space. Grape vines planted along an entrance to an exterior part of the home not only double as a dramatic entrance, but also provide a harvest of edible fruit.