Creating a visually impressive, healthy lawn for your landscape depends upon choosing the most well-suited turfgrass to your region and gardening space. Choose among available varieties based on texture and preferred height. Turfgrass thrives in 6 to 8 inches of slightly acidic soil with a pH of 6.2. Provide care requirements such as appropriate sun exposure according to the needs of your chosen cultivar.
Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) is a cool-season turfgrass in medium to coarse textures. With a green dense form, Kentucky bluegrass displays blades in a V shape growing from 6 to 36 inches in height. Ideal soil temperature is 60 degrees F; above 70 degrees F, growth and vigor decrease. Keep this turfgrass in high to moderate direct sunlight and well-drained soil for successful growth, according to the Ohio State University Extension.
Bermuda grass (C. dactylon (L.) Pers.) is a warm-season turfgrass available in fine to medium textures and it maintains green leafy stems all year long. Ideal daytime temperatures range from 95 to 100 degrees F, but over 75 degrees F is necessary; soil temperatures should remain above 65 degrees F. Bermuda grass thrives in full sun exposure and will develop growth problems in shaded areas. This turfgrass reaches up to 15 inches in height, according to the Texas Cooperative Extension.
Zoysia (Zoysia spp.) is a warm-season turfgrass that becomes green early in the spring season and turns brown after first frost. Zoysia displays smooth, pointed leaf blades and thrives in full sunlight but tolerates partial shade once established. Keep zoysia out of poorly drained soil to avoid growth problems. For proper mowing, cut to a height of up to 2 inches once a week, as recommended by the Texas Cooperative Extension.
Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a cool-season turfgrass with a coarse texture that thrives in full sunlight and tolerates partial shade as well as warm temperatures and drought conditions. Tall fescue is a bunching green grass that thrives in most soil types; mow to a height of 2 to 3 1/2 inches, as suggested by the University of Illinois Extension HortAnswers.