How to Care for Barberry


Barberry (Berberis) is a group of shrubs that are used as ornamental features in the residential landscape. Both the foliage and the berries add color and texture. The barberry requires little care when grown in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 8. The most popular barberry is the Japanese, which grows from 3 to 6 feet in height but can be sheared to form a dense hedge. Barberries have thorny branches, so wear thick gloves when working with the plant.

Step 1

Grow the barberry in sun or partial shade. The evergreen species, especially when grown in Southern regions, requires afternoon shade.

Step 2

Water the barberry to a depth of 6 inches, and allow the soil to dry completely prior to watering again.

Step 3

Fertilize the barberry bush with a 10-10-10 formula, at the rate listed on the package. Apply the fertilizer in the spring, after all danger of frost has passed. The potassium in the fertilizer will help the barberry fight off fungal infections so the application is vital to the plant's overall care.

Step 4

Spread a fresh 3- to 4-inch layer of mulch around the barberry bush every spring. Don't allow it to touch the base of the bush and spread it on the soil to the farthest reaches of the plant.

Step 5

Prune only overgrown barberry bushes or those being grown as formal hedging. Cut the overgrown bush to within 1 foot of the ground in late winter.

Step 6

Inspect the barberry bush periodically for signs of insects. Scale and aphids will sometimes attack this plant. Use horticultural oil, at the rate suggested on the product's label, to control infestations.

Things You'll Need

  • Garden gloves
  • Fertilizer
  • Mulch
  • Pruning shears
  • Horticultural oil


  • Clemson University Extension: Barberry
  • ‭"‬Landscape Management:‭ ‬Planting and Maintenance of Trees,‭ ‬Shrubs and Turfgrass";‭ ‬James R.‭ ‬Feucht and Jack D.‭ ‬Butler‭; ‬1988
Keywords: barberry bush care, barberry shrub care, grow barberry bush

About this Author

Victoria Hunter has been a freelance writer since 2005, specializing in gardening-related topics and the real estate industry. She is a former broadcaster and real estate agent who has provided audio and written services to small businesses and large corporations worldwide. She writes for, GardenGuides and ProFlowers, among others. Hunter holds a Bachelor of Arts in English/creative writing.