There are more than 3,000 different species of plants in the rose family, according to Christophe Wiart, author of Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific. Botanically the plants in the rose family are known as Rosaceae. In addition to a variety of flowers, the rose family includes many popular fruits, herbs, shrubs and trees. An interesting characteristic of plants in the rose family is that most of the leaves are astringent, which means extracts from the leaves can be used medicinally to pull skin tissues together and cosmetically to tone and firm skin.
Apple trees are easy to grow in the home garden as long as you have a site in full sun with well-drained soil. Apple trees require yearly pruning to keep them in shape. It is best to prune in late winter before the flower buds set on the trees. Apple trees can be pruned during the summer season, but be aware that pruning during this time could cause loss of fruit, so it is best to prune only those branches that are damaged during this time.
Raspberries and Blackberries
Raspberries and blackberries are cane fruit plants in the rose family. If left on their own, both raspberries and blackberries will ramble. The best way to manage these plants is to train them on a trellis.
To keep raspberries and blackberries producing, remove all canes that fruited the previous year since they will not fruit again. New shoots will emerge in the spring, grow that season, but not fruit until the following season. You can tell the difference between the old growth and the new growth by the color of the stems. The new growth will have green stems and older canes will have brown stems.
Strawberries are one of the easiest plants in the rose family to grow. They can be grown in the ground, in a pot or even indoors as long as they receive enough light. There are two main varieties of strawberries, ever bearing which produce strawberries all season long and June bearers, which produce strawberries in June.
Strawberries can be started from seed, but planting young plants is the fastest way to get fruit. You can buy strawberry plants at your local garden center, purchase them online or if you know someone who grows strawberries, ask if they have extra plants to share. June bearing strawberries sent out the most runners, or long stems, which will develop young strawberry plants at the ends, however, ever bearing strawberries will also send out runners.
Allow the young plants to remain on the stem until the tiny plants develop a root system. Once the young plants have a root system that is approximately half an inch long, cut the young plant from the stem. This young strawberry plant can be left where it is growing, or transplanted.