When you have no need for purchased seeds because you collected your own seeds from your own plants, this harvesting can give a gardener a sense of self-sufficiency. Collecting seeds from some vegetables is a simple matter involving only the fast removal of the seeds from the mature vegetables. Mature peppers are an example of vegetables that readily give up their seeds for seed harvesting. Collect pepper seeds in late summer and save them for planting in the next growing season.
Pick mature peppers from the pepper plants. Depending on the pepper variety, your mature peppers may be green or red.
Place the peppers into the colander and wash them under cool water.
Set the peppers onto the cutting board and cut each pepper in half from top to bottom.
Separate the seeds from the insides of the peppers, using your fingers. Rub your fingers gently to remove the seeds and make a pile of seeds on the cutting board as you remove them.
Line the baking sheet with a double layer of paper towels.
Sprinkle the seeds evenly over the paper towels, making sure the seeds do not touch each other.
Place the baking sheet in a warm and dry location for two to three days to dry the seeds thoroughly. The seeds are sufficiently dry when they break in half if you bend them.
Transfer the seeds to the envelope and seal the envelope. Label the envelope with the seed name and the date. Store the pepper seeds at a comfortable room temperature in a dry location for planting next spring.