Camellia flowers grow on an evergreen shrub that is cold hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture growing zones 6 through 8. Depending on the climate, camellias may bloom in both the fall and late winter. Without pruning, the shrub can grow up to 8 feet in diameter and 15 feet tall. The shiny, deep green leaves of the camellia shrub provide a background to showcase the flowers, which may be red, white or shades of pink. Plant camellias in the fall or spring when the ground is not frozen.
Dig a hole twice as wide as the camellia's container and one-and-half times as deep in a partially shaded location with no western sun. Any type of well-drained soil will do though camellias prefer non-alkaline soil with a pH level of 5.o to 6.5, according to North Carolina State University Extension.
Mound an equal blend of soil and organic matter, like compost or pine bark, in the bottom of the hole to raise the top of the root ball about 1 inch above ground level. The shrub will sink to ground level with future watering.
Remove the camellia shrub from the container and place it in the center of the hole.
Backfill the hole half way with the soil removed the hole. Water to settle the soil and then finish backfilling the hole. Water again, adding more soil if needed to level out the surface surrounding the root ball.
Apply 2 to 4 inches of mulch, like pine chips or leaf mold, around the camellia and reaching out to cover the width of the hole. Keep the mulch about 2 inches from the trunk of the camellia. The mulch will help to block weeds and retain moisture.
Water every seven to 10 days, spring to fall, if there is no rainfall. Rainfall alone should be sufficient water for the camellia once it is established, which is after about three years in the ground.