The strawberry (Fragraria x ananassa), because it wears its seeds on the outside of the fruit instead of inside, is not considered a true berry. It is, in fact, more closely related to the rose than to the berry. There are over 200 small seeds on the exterior of each strawberry. Despite the abundance of seeds, because each seed contains different genetic material, commercial growers plant bare-root strawberry plants, not seeds. If you choose to start with seeds, strawberry seeds should be planted as soon as the ground can be worked, in the spring.
Remove all the weeds in the planting area. If you need to use an herbicide for large infestations, use one labeled for use in the strawberry garden and follow all label instructions and warnings. Keep the area weed free.
Amend the soil in the planting area by adding 3 inches of coarse sand and 3 inches of compost. Use a shovel or garden fork to blend the amendments into the top 8 inches of the soil.
Add 2 lb. of 10-10-10 fertilizer for each 100 square feet of strawberry garden. Mix the fertilizer into the top 8 inches of soil.
Test the pH of the soil. Strawberries thrive in a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. Your county cooperative extension office offers pH testing and will give you suggestions on how to amend the soil, if necessary.
Plant the strawberry seeds in rows by sowing them on the surface of the soil and barely covering them with more soil.
Water the planting area being careful not to wash away the strawberry seeds. In periods when there is little or no rain, provide 1 inch of water a week.