Choosing the best flowers for a bouquet depends on the selection of aesthetically diverse and pleasing options with long stems and the ability to survive for at least a week as cut flowers; fragrance also make an attractive impact. If planting a cut flower garden for use in bouquets, choose low-maintenance flowers with sturdy stems.
Dahlias (Dahlia spp.) are one of the most productive plants used in cut flower gardens, according to the Washington State University Skagit County Extension. In a wide variety of ornamental options, dahlias display full blooms from the middle of the summer season through first frost in white, pink, yellow, lavender, orange, purple and salmon with green foliage. Dahlias thrive in full sun but tolerate partial shade. Plant dahlias in any USDA Hardiness Zone in fertile, well-drained soil; remove dead flower heads to promote blooming of new flowers, as directed by the University of Florida IFAS Extension. Dahlias grow to a height of 1 to 6 feet with a spread of 1 to 2 feet.
Peonies (Paeonia spp.) are among the best flowers for bouquets due to their large blooms and pleasing fragrance. Cut just before the bud opens to prevent damage from ants, according to the Washington State University Skagit County Extension. Peonies display full, dense aromatic blooms in pinks, reds and cream colors with dark green foliage. Bloom time is from the middle to the end of the spring season. Peonies need at least six hours of full sun exposure for proper growth and prefer well-drained, loamy soil with a pH of 6.5 to 7.0. Peonies grow to a height of 2 to 3 feet with a width of 3 to 4 feet in maturity. Plant peonies in USDA Hardiness Zones 2 to 9.
Larkspur (Consolida spp.) are self-sowing flowers ideal for use as cut flowers. They display a vivid blue, lavender, white or pink color with aesthetically pleasing green foliage, according to the Washington State University Skagit County Extension. Larkspur planted during the autumn season blooms in abundance during the months of May through July. Larkspur thrives in a minimum of eight hours of direct sunlight per day and prefers well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0, according to the Maryland Cooperative Extension. These cut flowers reach a height of 3 to 4 feet. Plant in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 11.
Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) is a self-seeding flower that re-blooms year after year. In bouquets, feverfew makes a resilient filler flower, according to the Washington State University Skagit County Extension. Filler flowers add interest and variety to bouquets for prevention of competition between too many similarly sized blooms. Feverfews display small white flowers resembling daisies with yellow-hued centers. Bloom time is from the middle of the summer season through autumn. Thriving in full sun to partial shade, this cut flower prefers dry, loamy soil rich in nutrients. Feverfew grows to a height of 1 to 3 feet, according to the Kansas State University Cooperative Extension Service. Plant tender feverfew in USDA Hardiness Zone 4.