Establishing a wildlife food plot requires planning. According to Ohio State University, you must decide what type of wildlife you want to attract with a food plot. Another question to ask yourself: Is this food plot going to be used for hunting or observation of the animals? Types of plants and the timing for seed planting are different for each species of animals and forage. Consult your local agricultural extension service for forage crops that will supplement foods for a wide range of animals.
Collect soil samples from the food plot site. Walk in a zigzag pattern across the field area. Dig random soil samples at depths of 6 to 8 inches deep. Mix the soil together in a bucket. Dry the soil. Take the sample to your local agricultural extension service for analysis. Results generally take two to three weeks.
Remove as much of the ground vegetation as possible and break apart the upper topsoil by attaching a disc cultivator to a tractor. Run the equipment over the field.
Broadcast the recommended fertilizer and agricultural lime to the food plot area based upon the soil test analysis.
Incorporate the nutrients into the soil by operating the disc cultivator over the field.
Broadcast seeds over the field using the spreader. Types of seed and application rates are found on seed-package labeling.