How to Plant Seeds in a Garden


You spent the winter pouring over seed catalogs and the varieties you ordered have finally arrived. You've tilled the garden area to a depth of 6 to 8 inches. You've added 1 inch or so of compost or manure to help improve the soil and worked that in with another pass or two of the rototiller. All that remains for this portion of the garden is to plant the seed.

Step 1

Read with care the planting directions on the back of each individual seed package. Seeds such as lettuces need only to be scattered on the soil and lightly covered, while seeds such as squashes and corn may need to be planted at a depth of 1 inch or more.

Step 2

Create rows in the garden to the proper depth using the handle end of the garden hoe. Work with one variety of seed at a time to ensure that it is planted properly before moving to the next type of seed.

Step 3

Place the seed in the row according to package instructions. Most garden seed is over-planted and thinned after germination. To make small seed planting easiest, mix the seed with sand as this makes it easier to handle.

Step 4

Cover the seeds with the required amount of soil. You can use the hoe blade for this, or you can use a rake for those seeds needing less soil cover.

Step 5

Repeat the process with the remaining seeds.

Step 6

Water the planted area until the soil is moist but does not have standing water.

Things You'll Need

  • Various garden seeds
  • Hoe
  • Rake


  • University of Minnesota Extension: Planting the Vegetable Garden
  • Colorado State University Extension: Growing Plants from Seed
  • Ohio State University Extension: Plant Propagation
Keywords: planting the garden, plant garden seeds, garden planting basics

About this Author

G. K. Bayne is a freelance writer, currently writing for Demand Studios where her expertise in back-to-basics, computers and electrical equipment are the basis of her body of work. Bayne began her writing career in 1975 and has written for Demand since 2007.