Types of Fast Growing Trees

Trees with rapid or vigorous growth rates help to fill in the garden in a short period of time and create a dramatic landscape display. Grown in a wide range of shapes, sizes and types, including deciduous and evergreen, they help to create accent trees among the landscape or create a living fence or windbreak to the garden. Evergreens retain their foliage year-round for a constant source of vibrancy.

Western Red Cedar

Western red cedar (Thuja plicata), also called giant arborvitae, is a rapidly growing evergreen tree. It grows 50 to 80 feet tall and 15 to 20 feet wide, creating a commanding landscape presence. Western red cedars have a pyramidal shape; the deep green foliage on has white markings on the underside of each leaf. Long-lived, young western red cedar trees have a cinnamon to red bark. They grow best in full sun to part shade and moist, well-drained soil. They also tolerate clay soils. Plant western red cedar trees in USDA zones 5 to 8.

Tulip Poplar

Tulip Poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) is a deciduous tree with a vigorous growth rate. It reaches a maximum height of 100 feet and has a spread of 20 to 40 feet wide. Tulip poplar has an upright, rounded shape and tall, straight trunk. The fragrant, 2-to-3-inch, cup-shaped, yellow, green and orange flowers emerge in late spring and attract hummingbirds and birds to the tree. Tulip poplar trees also play host to tiger and spicebush swallowtail butterflies. The paper-thin, 6-to-8-inch-long green leaves of tulip poplar take on a yellow tinge in fall. They grow best in full sun in well-drained, moist soils. Plant tulip poplars in USDA zones 4 to 9.

Yoshino Cherry

Yoshino cherry (Prunus x yedoensis) is a rapidly growing flowering deciduous tree with a rounded habit and arching spread. They grow 30 to 40 feet tall and have a spread of 30 to 50 feet wide. The clusters of double, spring-blooming flowers range from pale pink to white and are followed by the small, black fruit in summer. The 2½-to-4½-inch-long green leaves cast a yellow to gold color in fall. Yoshino cherry trees grow best in full sun to light shade in well-drained, moist soil, but they tolerate clay soils. Plant Yoshino cherry trees in USDA zones 5 to 8.

Keywords: fast growing trees, western red cedar, tulip poplar, Yoshino cherry

About this Author

Callie Barber has been writing professionally since 2002. Barber's love for design and writing inspired her to create Design Your Revolution, a blog that shares creative and affordable ways to decorate indoor and outdoor living environments. Her articles have appeared on Travels.com and GardenGuides.com. Barber holds a Bachelors of Arts in international studies from the University of North Carolina.