One major problem that occurs in potted plants is root rot. This often occurs because the soil at the bottom of the pot is not allowed to drain, so it remains wet. You can prevent root rot in your potted plants simply by adding a drainage material. An excellent drainage material to use is Styrofoam peanuts. Styrofoam peanuts at the bottom of your plant pots leave room for the soil to drain, and they are also lightweight, so transporting your plant pot from one location to another is easy.
Place 1 to 3 inches of Styrofoam peanuts in the bottom of your plant pot. If your plant pot is on the smaller side (6-inch pot), go with 1 inch of Styrofoam peanuts. If your plant pot is on the larger side (12-inch pot), go with 3 inches of Styrofoam peanuts.
Add soil to your plant pot until it is half full.
Set your plant on top of the soil and begin adding more soil to cover all of the roots. You can add enough soil to come within 1 inch of the rim of the plant pot.
Water the plant so that the soil is moist. If your plant likes sun, set it in the sun. If your plant likes shade, set it in the shade.