Allotment planting is along the same lines as a community garden, where members work their own plots, side by side. Members can grow fresh, organic foods, allowing them to lower their grocery bills. Participating in an allotment garden allows people to socialize, creating a sense of community that is lacking in many areas. It allows each member to perform needed physical activities, helping them to be more physically fit.
Find an opportunity for allotment, or community, gardening in your area. Inquire at greenhouses, the town hall and at the local university extension office. Ask friends and family as well. Sign up to be on the waiting list if there is one, so you don't miss out on the opportunity.
Acquire a plot at the first opportunity and find out the square footage, as well as any regulations that may be in place for using the plot.
Plan the garden area out on graph paper before planting and purchasing items. Decide where beds will go, leaving enough room for paths so you don't have to step into the beds.
Incorporate square foot gardening into the garden plan to get the most out of the space that is available. With this method, you plant items as close together as possible while still allowing enough space for each plant to grow fully. This method will also help you to avoid many of the weed problems that gardeners encounter.
Providing an open frame above a bed or two will allow for container gardening as well, without taking up needed ground space. This frame is built like an arbor, but without the sides. It has four "legs" that are placed into the ground for stability. Grow berries and herbs i in the pots hung from hooks from the top of the frame.
Add trellises to the garden beds, growing produce vertically, leaving you with more ground space. Use this method to grow such vegetables as peas and beans.
Grow organically, which is easy when gardening for yourself. Use organic soils mixed with organic compost. Purchase heirloom, open-pollinated seeds that are also organic. Stay away from fertilizers, as they are not necessary when using compost.
Make potting soil for the containers by mixing soil from the plot and organic compost at a 1:1 ratio.
Work the soil in the garden beds by digging down 12 inches and sifting out any debris with your fingers. Mix compost into this soil.
Add frames, trellises and other garden structures, then plant the seeds, seedlings and cuttings where desired. Plant a combination of fruits and vegetables, herbs and edible flowers.