Bean seeds are a warm-season crop and one of the easier vegetable seeds to sow. The larger size of their seed makes them a good seed to plant with children to teach them about the wonders of horticulture. Beans are also a very popularly grown vegetable in the home garden, ranking right behind the tomato, according to the University of Illinois Extension. Whatever variety of bean you are going to plant, you can get an early start on the season by sowing them indoors about 3 weeks before the last spring frost.
Planting Bean Seeds
Fill up planting packs with a good quality planting mix or seed compost.
Place each of the planting packs into a basin or tray that contains about 2 to 3 inches of water. Let the planting mix or compost absorb the water until saturated.
Pack down the mix or compost in each of the cells, using the back of a teaspoon or your fingers. The media should be well firmed down so when you remove a bean seedling the soil will remain intact.
Push a 1-inch-deep hole in each cell of the planting packs with a pencil or chopstick.
Drop in one bean seed per hole in each of the cells.
Place the planting packs near a light-filled window in your home. The temperature needs to stay above 60 degrees F. for optimum germination. Do not allow the soil in the packs to completely dry out, but avoid overwatering, which will cause the bean seeds to rot. The seeds will begin germinating in five to 10 days.
Transplant the bean seedlings into your garden once nighttime temperatures are sure to stay above 55 degrees F.
Transplanting Bean Seedlings
Locate a sun-filled place in your garden for planting the bean seedlings.
Turn the soil in the planting area to 12 to 14 inches deep.
Measure out approximately 1 to 2 cups of a 15-15-15 granular fertilizer for every 50 square feet you are going to plant. Broadcast the fertilizer uniformly across the topsoil. Use a shovel to work the fertilizer down approximately 6 to 8 inches into the soil. Plan on doing this about a week before you plant the bean seedlings.
Create 2- to 3-foot-wide rows in the planting site 24 to 36 inches apart. Dig out holes in the center of each row wide and deep enough to accommodate the size of a cell in the planting pack. Each of the holes needs to be 12 to 14 inches apart if you are planting pole bean varieties. For planting bush bean varieties, each hole should be 10 to 12 inches apart.
Pop out a bean seedling from a cell in the planting pack, place it into a hole, then push soil in and around the seedling to fill the hole.
Water each bean seedling with 1 to 2 quarts of water.
About this Author
Katelyn Lynn is a certified holistic health practitioner who specializes in orthomolecular medicine and preventative modalities. She also has extensive experience in botany and horticulture. Lynn has been writing articles for various websites relating to health and wellness since 2007. She has been published on gardenguides.com. She is currently pursuing a Bachelor of Science in alternative medicine from Everglades University.