Houseplants are easy-to-care-for decorations that do well in an indoor environment. Many houseplants, says Purdue University, are native to tropical areas, meaning they require indirect sunlight and increased humidity. For best results pay close attention to the needs of your houseplants by giving them proper soil, ventilation, humidity, water and fertilizer. This will provide your houseplants with all of their basic needs and ensure their health and longevity.
Pot the houseplant in a well-draining container with drainage holes at the bottom, using store-bought potting soil or a mixture of one part coarse sand, one part peat and one part perlite, says the University of Illinois Extension.
Place the plant where it gets the correct amount of light. Some houseplants require different lighting requirements, so check the label for specifications.
Water the plant when the bottom two thirds of the soil begin to dry out, says Texas A&M. Test the soil moisture by sicking a finger 2 inches into the soil.
Spray the leaves of the houseplant regularly with a spray bottle to remove dust, which blocks out sunlight.
Fertilize the houseplant using a water-soluble fertilizer, applying once a month during the growing season, says Purdue University Extension. Use a complete fertilizer.