How to Kill Scales on Plants

Overview

Scale insects are among the most destructive pests on ornamental plants, according to the University of Florida Cooperative Extension Program. The scale group of bugs includes many species, grouped as armored, soft and mealybug. Scale insects suck moisture from most parts of plants, although they tend to favor foliage and are particularly attracted to hibiscus, camellia and holly. Symptoms of a scale infestation range from small yellow spots on the leaves to complete die-back of entire branches. The newly hatched nymphs cause the most damage and control of them is challenging.

Step 1

Watch the plant for evidence of crawlers. These are newly hatched scales. The best way to monitor the plant is by using sticky cards. You can also wrap double-sided tape around a stick, poke it into the soil and inspect the insects that become stuck to it. You may need a magnifying glass to look for the nymphs. They are identical to the adult, only smaller. The horticultural oil is best applied when the nymphs hatch and begin crawling.

Step 2

Cut off all infested parts of the plant and dispose of them.

Step 3

Spray the plants, including the undersides of leaves, with horticultural oil, until the insecticide drips from the plant.

Step 4

Place the sticky card back into the plant and check for new pest activity. You may need to apply horticultural oil again.

Tips and Warnings

  • Check the horticultural oil label to ensure that your plant is not sensitive to the product. Read and follow all label cautions and instructions. ‭

Things You'll Need

  • Sticky card
  • Pruning shears
  • Horticultural oil

References

  • "‬California Master Gardener Handbook";‭ ‬Dennis R.‭ ‬Pittenger‭; ‬2002
  • University of Florida IFAS Extension: Scale Insects and Mealybugs on Ornamental Plants
  • University of Illinois Extension: Time to Control Scale Insects
Keywords: kill scales, control plant insects, control scale

About this Author

Victoria Hunter has been a freelance writer since 2005, specializing in gardening-related topics and the real estate industry. She is a former broadcaster and real estate agent who has provided audio and written services to small businesses and large corporations worldwide. She writes for Ancestry.com, GardenGuides and ProFlowers, among others. Hunter holds a Bachelor of Arts in English/creative writing.