Growing a home garden takes a lot of time and planning. It is important when starting a garden to plan ahead. This ensures you buy only enough seedlings for the space you have, and that the space is fully utilized throughout the growing season. Choosing the right spot and the right plants allows you to produce flowers, vegetables and fruit as long as possible throughout the growing season. A good plan ensures, in time, a good garden.
Select a site that receives at least six hours of sunlight per day, says Clemson Cooperative Extension. Do not choose a site near a tree to reduce competition for nutrients.
Measure the size of the garden site and write down the measurements to ensure you plan using the space available.
Plan the plants you wish to grow in the garden paying attention to when they should be planted, and how long it is until harvest or maturity, and draw a diagram of where the plants are placed using the measurements made earlier.
Till the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches, adding a 1- to 3-inch layer of compost to be mixed into the soil. Wait until the soil is dry. Test soil dryness, says the Utah State University Extension, by taking a sample of soil from 3 inches down, squeezing it in your hand and dropping it on the ground. If it shatters, it is ready.
Plant transplants at the same depth in the garden as they were planted in their tray. Harden the transplants before putting them into the garden by placing them outside for longer periods each day until they survive an entire day outdoors, says the University of Florida Extension.
Add a starter fertilizer to the soil that has a ratio of 6-6-6 when planting transplants. Follow up in two weeks time with another application of fertilizer.
Water the plants thoroughly, ensuring the first several inches of soil are moist. Plunge a spade into the soil and check the moisture line to see how deep the soil is penetrated by the water.
Plant new seedlings once other plants are harvested to ensure a long growing season.