Planting in containers is a convenient way to garden for homeowners without yard space or renters who live in apartments. It is also an easy way for the elderly or disabled who have limited mobility to enjoy gardening. Flowers and plants in containers also create decoration for window sills, porches and sidewalks. A variety of plants, flowers, herbs and vegetables can easily be grown in a container by placing it in its required environment and using proper caring tips.
The hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), has a family of 300 different species of annuals, perennials, shrubs and trees. The blooms of a hibiscus has a very short life, often flowering for just one day. It must be planted in well-drained soil with a potting mix that has 2 parts potting soil, 2 parts of peat moss and vermiculite. Keep the plant's soil moist but not saturated. The hibiscus must be grown in a warm environment (once there is no chance of frost) to enable flower buds to develop, as they will not grow in a colder climate. Bright light is essential for the plant's growth. At least four to five hours of direct bright light is necessary to ensure many blooms. To encourage good plant health for a hibiscus, feed it balanced fertilizer of 20-20-20 (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) or 10-10-10. If the plant is placed indoors, use half strength of the required fertilizer.
Petunias (Petunia x hybrida) require an environment that includes a lot of light. Plant a petunia in full sun or at least in an area where it will receive at least five to six hours of direct sunlight. Without proper sunlight, a petunia will not produce many flowers. It can withstand heat and hot temperatures and does not need to be watered frequently, although a petunia does need to have plenty of drainage in its pot. The plants should be watered at least once per week. Before placing a potted petunia outside, make sure all danger of frost has passed.
Candytuft (Iberis sempervirens) is a perennial often available in containers. It is a small plant averaging only about 10 inches tall and 2 inches wide. Candytuft should be placed in an environment that has full to partial shade and planted in moist, well-drained soil. The plant's foliage is evergreen and glossy with the leaves only being 1 inch long. If candytuft is placed outside during the warmer seasons, bring it inside during the cold winters to protect its roots from freezing and thawing. The blooms of candytuft are small white flowers with four petals.