Many turf grass varieties are found throughout the United States, each one especially well-suited to a particular environmental niche. In the South, warm season grasses grow vigorously during the summer months and turn brown during the cooler winter. In the North, cool season grasses dominate year-round with the most aggressive growth occurring during the spring and fall. As a general rule, turf grasses prefer plenty of sun and water and require frequent mowing, aerating and fertilizing.
Kentucky bluegrass is a popular cool season grass requiring direct sunlight, regular watering and annual fertilizing. With short grass roots, Kentucky bluegrass has poor drought tolerance and will turn brown during hot, dry periods.
Tall fescue is a cool season grass, available as sod or seed, and prefers a cut height of 2 to 3 inches. Tall fescue turf grass has a deeper root system than Kentucky bluegrass, providing this variety with improved drought tolerance.
Perennial ryegrass is a fast growing and quick spreading cool season grass that prefers moist, cool climates. Ryegrass is one of the most high maintenance of all cool season grasses requiring frequent mowing, aerating, irrigating and fertilizing.
Bermuda grass is a warm season turf grass with a high tolerance for foot traffic, drought and cold temperatures. This grass variety is used on home lawns, golf courses and recreational fields throughout the South.
Buffalo grass is a warm season turf grass native to the Great Plains and found all throughout the Southern states. Requiring very little watering or fertilizing, Buffalo grass is disease and drought tolerant and has a deep, extensive root system.