Jade plants are hardy succulents--plants that store water within their leaves. Slow-growing, they are often used as container plants indoors due to their low maintenance and interesting appearance. Jade plants have trunk-like stems with brown branches and dark green or blue-gray leaves tipped with red. They have specific soil, moisture and growing requirements.
Jade plants require well-draining potting soil that does not hold too much water, as this damages the roots. Cactus mixes mainly composed of sand work well with jade plants. Create optimal conditions for the jade plant by mixing 1 part sterilized soil, 1 part peat moss and 3 parts coarse sand, according to Clemson University Extension.
Jade plants require partial shade to partial sun, according to the University of Florida Extension. Full sunlight causes the leaves to burn. Jade prefers a daytime temperature between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit and a nighttime temperature between 50 and 55 degrees. Fahrenheit Four or more hours of sunlight a day is required.
Jade plants grow to 2 to 4 feet tall with a spread of 1 to 3 feet. Jade grows slowly, so re-potting is only necessary every few years or when the plant becomes too top heavy and requires a heavier pot to prevent tipping over.
Jade plants grow slowly and require few nutrients from the soil. Liquid plant fertilizer works well with the jade plant as it is absorbed quickly. Fertilizing every three to four months is usually sufficient. If a jade plant is re-potted, do not fertilize the first four months the plant is in its new home.
Jade is not native to the United States and does not grow in the wild. Growing outside is also difficult as most areas are too wet. Jade will grow in the USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 and 11 year-round. Florida, California and parts of Nevada are the only areas suitable for outdoor jade growing.