Growing a single plant, such as a tomato or pepper plant, allows people in apartments and condominiums to raise vegetables without taking up much space. The container is mobile to keep the plant safe during inclement weather or high winds. The plant benefits from daily care. Watering and pruning are easily accomplished because the plant is readily accessible. Growing a single plant also allows you to keep cross-pollination under control.
Choose a variety of plant, either living or seed, that thrives in your climate. Hybrid tomato plants are determinate, which means the plant will stop growing and start producing fruit. Compact plants work well for growing a single plant.
Select a growing pot that has several drain holes in the bottom. If you choose a pot without drain holes, drill several holes with a drill. If you prefer not to drill the pot, add a 2-inch layer of small rocks or pebbles in the bottom of the pot.
Fill the growing container with potting soil. Make a well in the center of the soil for the plant. Plant seeds according to the directions on the seed packet. Water the plant or seed thoroughly.
Water the container daily until the plant becomes established. Keep the soil moist for the seed to sprout. If the soil dries out the seed will not germinate and will die.
Fertilize the plant or seedling with an all-purpose fertilizer according to package directions. Provide the recommended amount of sunlight and moisture throughout the growing season.
Overwinter the plant, if desired, by bringing it into the house. Certain plants, such as caladiums, require a period of dormancy to recuperate. When a plant goes into the dormant stage, for instance, once the blooms stop, restrict watering to once per month. Check for signs of new growth, signaling the end of the dormant cycle, to resume a regular watering routine.