The Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens 'Glauca'), native to Persia and Syria, was brought to Italy thousands of years ago. Now a mainstay of the Italian landscape, the tree can live for up to 2,000 years. (See References 1) Grown in the United States as an accent or foundation plant, the Italian cypress can also be sheared and kept as a dense shrub. Planted in rows they provide privacy or wind screens. The Italian cypress tree is hardy in USDA zones 7b through 11.
Decide where you will plant the Italian cypress. Although the tree is narrow, it will grow tall (up to 40 feet), so make sure there are no overhead wires or other obstructions when choosing a location. Italian cypress has a shallow root system, so underground structures should not be a concern. This tree requires full sun.
Dig a hole three times the width of the pot in which the Italian cypress tree is growing and 1 inch shallower. Use the gardening fork or shovel to scrape the sides of the hole to loosen the soil.
Remove the Italian cypress tree from the pot and place the root ball in the hole. Use your fingers to spread the roots out in all directions. Fill the hole 1/4 of the way with soil, then fill it with water. When it drains, fill it to 3/4 full and add water until the hole is full. After draining, fill the hole completely with soil. Use your feet to slightly tamp the soil around the base of the tree to remove any remaining air pockets.
Lay a 3-inch layer of mulch on the soil 2 inches from the trunk of the Italian cypress tree. Spread it in a 1-foot radius around it.
Water the Italian cypress tree until the soil is moist. Keep it moist until the tree is established, which may take up to three months.