Organic herb plants are those grown without use of genetically modified seeds or plant parts and without the use of pesticides during growth. When choosing and growing organic herb plants, make sure your seeds are certified organic by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) or gather them yourself from organic plants. Grow organic herb plants in the home garden for edible use.
Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) is an organic herb widely grown in the home garden or greenhouse. Displaying a dark green to purple leaf color, sweet basil produces white flowers during the summer. Thriving in full sun, this tender annual herb prefers warm temperatures and soil. Propagate sweet basil from seeds. Commonly used in sauces and fragrances, pick fresh leaves for use at least six weeks after initial planting, and for use as a dried herb, wait to pick sweet basil leaves until just before flowering, as suggested by the University of Illinois Extension. Sweet basil grows to a height of 2 feet and should be spaced 1 foot apart.
Lavender (Lavendula spp.) is an organic perennial herb plant, widely grown for use as a food seasoning and in fragrance and home goods like potpourri. This herb plant displays gray/green foliage and columnar flowers in hues of pink, blue-violet or violet. Grow lavender from transplants or propagate root stems. Lavender thrives in full sun to light shade and prefers well-drained, dry soil. After your lavender plant flowers, cut the blooms as they blossom open for fresh or dry use. Lavender plants reach a height of 1 to 2 feet and may be planted without spacing.
Sage (Salvia officinalis) is an organic herb plant widely grown in the home garden. A perennial shrub, sage is often used in meat dishes, drinks and landscaping. Displaying gray/green leaves with spreading growth, this herb may be propagated from seeds or stem cuttings. Thriving in full sunlight and well-drained soil, keep sage out of wet sites for successful growth. Collect leaves for use before flowering occurs. Sage grows to a height of 18 to 24 inches and should be spaced 15 to 18 inches apart when planted, according to the University of Illinois Extension.
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) are organic perennial herb plants widely used in soups and salads as well as fragrance. Displaying green leaves and spherical, violet-hued edible flowers, this clumping plant is propagated with seeds or bulbs. A member of the onion family, chives emit a mild onion taste. For dry or fresh use, harvest leaves during the growing season. Thriving in full sunlight, cut chives often for optimal growth and health. Chive herb plants grow to a height of 8 to 12 inches and do not need space between plantings but may be placed in bunched form.