Flower beds add a certain sense of personality, beauty and color to any landscape, whether it is a home, public garden, museum or school. Landscaping with flowers can vary from being simple borders to elegant patterns and designs. Make sure to use flower varieties that work best in your region and your landscape's sun and shade restrictions. Keep in mind some key tips when planting flower beds.
When planting flower beds, schedule to plant them on a cloudy day to help reduce the stress of transplanting. Spring is the best time to plant most flower varieties, although it is always smart to ask the nursery you obtain the flowers at about specific planting times. It is also ideal to plant in the morning or late afternoon.
When you are transplanting, it is important to remove the plant from the container properly. Hold the container horizontally and carefully try to slide the plant out with one of your hands. Once the plant is out of the container, gently massage the root ball to stimulate the plant roots before setting it into the planting hole.
Creating the Ideal Soil
Making sure your soil has the proper pH for your flower varieties is important when flower bed gardening. Test your soil on your landscape with a pH soil testing kit obtained from a local gardening store. The lower the pH, the more acidic the soil is. The higher the pH number, the more alkaline the soil. Seven is an ideal pH for a lot of plant varieties. Different types of flowers require different pH levels, so make sure to understand that about your flower choices. To make the soil more alkaline, add limestone. To make it more acidic, add sulfur. Something gardeners may not realize is that arid, dry regions have alkaline soils, while very wet regions have more acidic soil.
It is also good to understand the quality of your soil, not just the pH. Pick up a handful of your soil. Clench your fist and roll the soil in between your hands. If the texture stays compacted the soil has a high clay content (making the drainage poor and providing a challenge for roots to grow), and if it falls apart much more easily it has a high sand content (which has great drainage but does not retain nutrients well). Flower bed garden soil should have the consistency of crumbly cake and be easy to sift around. Ideally, other organic matters should be worked into the soil in order to balance out the quality, such as compost, composted manure and other similar materials.