There are two factors that can help you decide when to plant vegetables in your area: their hardiness and the climate. Other factors such as soil, sunlight and water supply also play an important role when planting a vegetable garden. June vegetables are classified as tender vegetables since they are unable to withstand frost and cooler temperatures. The soil must be warm enough to enable a successful growing season for the June vegetable plant.
Plant eggplant after the danger of frost has passed. Place eggplants at least 18 to 24 inches apart from one another. At initial planting, water eggplants with a fertilizer. Keep eggplants watered during dry weather. Seventy-five to 95 days after planting, the eggplants should be ready for harvesting. At this point they should be 6 to 8 inches long, with a shiny or glossy appearance. Wear protective gloves to harvest eggplants because the stems have thorns.
Plant pumpkins once the danger of all frost has passed and the soil is warm. Pumpkin seeds will not be able to germinate unless the soil is warm. Plant pumpkin seeds in 1-inch-deep hills. The hills should have between 50 to 100 square feet of space. All pumpkin plants should be weeded frequently. Keep the plants watered, especially during long times of drought. Pumpkin plants are ready to harvest within 100-110 days after being planted from seed. Harvest pumpkins once they have reached a deep orange color. When cutting the pumpkin from the vine, leave 3 to 4 inches of stem attached. Wear gloves when harvesting pumpkins to protect yourself from the sharp prickles on the vine.
Once the danger of frost has passed and the soil has warmed up, it is safe to plant cucumbers. For a fall harvest, plant cucumbers between mid- to late-summer. Cucumber seeds should be planted 1 to 1 1/2 inch deep into the ground. Each plant should be spaced to 12 inches apart. Water cucumber plants frequently throughout the growing season. For small garden areas, allow cucumber plants to grow on a trellis or fence. Plants are ready for harvest within 60 to 75 days from the time they are planted from seed. Harvest cucumber plants once they have turned dark green and are firm. Slicing cucumbers should be harvested once they have reached a length of 6 to 8 inches.