How to Plant a Deer Food Plot


Deer food plots are planted for a wide variety of reasons. For hunters, it gives them a known place that will attract deer during the fall hunt. Others plant food plots to ensure that deer have enough food to last through winter, or to attract them into their yards to enjoy their beauty. The food plot can be adapted to each season, or can be a variety of plants that deer enjoy.

Step 1

Take soil samples from the desired area of your plot and have the soil tested by your county extension agent. He or she can give you recommendations of what type of seed mixtures works best for the area.

Step 2

Remove any existing brush from the area and till the soil to a depth of 2 to 3 inches.

Step 3

Broadcast the deer plot seed mixture over the tilled soil. For large seed mixtures, such as oats or legumes, rake the seeds into the tilled soil. For small seed mixtures, such as alfalfa and clovers, scatter the seed evenly over the tilled earth.

Step 4

Walk across the tilled bed several times in each direction. This will ensure good seed-to-soil contact. You can also drag a weighted board over the area to make this task easier.

Step 5

Retill at the end of the growing season and replant with a food plot mixture compatible with the next weather season; for example, cool-weather crops for fall.

Tips and Warnings

  • Food plots should always be planted well off the road and preferably out of sight of any existing roadways. This will discourage poaching.

Things You'll Need

  • Tiller
  • Deer plot seed mixture
  • Rake (optional)


  • University of Tennessee Extension: Growing and Managing Successful Food Plots for Wildlife in the Mid-South (PDF)
  • Purdue University Extension: Food Plots for White-Tailed Deer (PDF)
  • University of Florida IFAS Extension: Establishment of Food Plots for White-tailed Deer in Central and South Florida
Keywords: deer food plots, attracting deer, planting food plots

About this Author

G. K. Bayne is a freelance writer, currently writing for Demand Studios where her expertise in back-to-basics, computers and electrical equipment are the basis of her body of work. Bayne began her writing career in 1975 and has written for Demand since 2007.