Deer food plots are planted for a wide variety of reasons. For hunters, it gives them a known place that will attract deer during the fall hunt. Others plant food plots to ensure that deer have enough food to last through winter, or to attract them into their yards to enjoy their beauty. The food plot can be adapted to each season, or can be a variety of plants that deer enjoy.
Take soil samples from the desired area of your plot and have the soil tested by your county extension agent. He or she can give you recommendations of what type of seed mixtures works best for the area.
Remove any existing brush from the area and till the soil to a depth of 2 to 3 inches.
Broadcast the deer plot seed mixture over the tilled soil. For large seed mixtures, such as oats or legumes, rake the seeds into the tilled soil. For small seed mixtures, such as alfalfa and clovers, scatter the seed evenly over the tilled earth.
Walk across the tilled bed several times in each direction. This will ensure good seed-to-soil contact. You can also drag a weighted board over the area to make this task easier.
Retill at the end of the growing season and replant with a food plot mixture compatible with the next weather season; for example, cool-weather crops for fall.