Date trees (Phoenix dactylifera L.) are native to the area around the Persian Gulf and have been cultivated for thousands of years. In the mid-1700s the tree was introduced into California where it still thrives. Date palms are desert trees and cannot tolerate areas with cool temperatures and rainy weather. Your date tree will produce fruit within four to seven years of planting.
Choose the most elevated area in the garden in which to plant the date tree. The tree requires full sun.
Remove weeds and other plants from within a 3-foot radius of the planting area.
Add a 4-inch layer of sand to the soil and use the garden fork to mix it to a depth of 8 inches.
Dig a hole the same depth as the nursery pot in which the date tree is growing, and 3 feet wide. Fill the hole with water and allow it to drain completely.
Slide the date tree from its pot and place the roots into the planting hole. Fill the hole with soil and press down the soil with your feet to remove any air pockets.
Water the date tree until the water puddles and keep the soil moist until the tree is established. This usually takes three to four months. After the tree is established, discontinue watering it completely.