Pole beans are the climbing vine variety of beans. The plants require some form of trellis to be trained upon for maximum growth and bean yield. The trellis construction is as basic as a piece of woven wire fencing stretched down the bean planting row. According to the University of Oklahoma, soil tests must be performed every three to four years on the garden site to ensure proper organic material in the soil as well as correct fertilization. Growing your own pole beans will provide a season of fresh vegetables.
Conduct a soil test of the garden site every three to four years. Collect soil from several areas around the garden. Mix the soil together. Dry the sample. Take the soil to your local agricultural extension service for analysis. Tell the extension agent exactly what type of vegetables will be raised in the garden.
Amend the garden soil based upon the analysis from the soil test. Various soil types will require different organic and fertilizer amendments. Layer the amendments over the garden area.
Incorporate the amendments into the soil using either the shovel or a rototiller. Work the soil to a depth of 6 inches.
Erect the woven wire fencing down the pole bean row. According to the University of Oklahoma, 20 feet of planted pole beans is required for one person. A 20-foot section of wire fencing will require three metal posts for support. Place a metal post approximately 10 feet on center down the length of the fence. Pound the fence posts into the ground using the hammer.
Attach the fencing to the posts with a 6-inch piece of tie wire. Wrap the wire around the post and through the fencing. Twist the ends of the wire with the pliers. Secure the wire fencing to the posts in three locations, down the length of the metal post.
Plant the beans seeds next to the bottom of the wire fencing. University of Oklahoma recommends planting the seeds from April 10 to April 30. Space the beans 8 to 12 inches apart from each other. Cover the seeds with 1 inch of soil.
Irrigate the bean seeds into the soil. Keep the seeds moist. Germination for most pole beans varieties are seven to 10 days.
Remove all weeds growing in the pole bean row. If leaves begin to droop and the soil is dry, irrigate the beans.
Harvest the beans 60 to 90 days after planting. Follow the seed package directions for actual days to maturity.